All Posts Tagged With: "Beyond Chelation-Improved"

PSA Testing

Linda’s comment:  FINALLY,” It is now official that PSA testing, as now used, is wasting time and money and accomplishing nothing! This study shows then that current prostate cancer treatments are also largely useless!”
Dr. Gordon’s comments:
It is now official that PSA testing, as now used, is wasting time and money and accomplishing nothing! This study shows then that current prostate cancer treatments are also largely useless! This could be the beginning of the end for mainstream cancer treatment.

We already knew that breast cancer treatment is failing. We have lots of data showing mammograms do more harm than good and radiation is not helpful for most breast cancer patients and axillary lymph node dissection does more harm than good. Now men are learning that the nonsense of removing your prostate and radiating it and using all the drugs they are given, all of which destroys any quality of life, and is not making a big difference over doing nothing.

Now we have an official report that prostate cancer treatment based on PSA is a total waste of time. The urologists will be very upset to lose their lucrative racket. No man likes to live with the fact that he has prostate cancer so it is easy to talk them into all kinds of useless and dangerous treatments, no matter how devastating the side effects of surgery are.

Amazingly no one ever mentions how easy it is to bring PSA into safe ranges and keep it there for life with the FIGHT program, as documented by Dr Kobayashi in his ten year World without Cancer study! That approach makes no money for specialists and is just too simple for our radiation oncologists and surgeons to recommend. The simple ideas that by exercising, and lowering stress, stop smoking, simplify diet, get more sleep, use some natural products to boost immune function will provide a far better outcome than surgery radiation and chemo just does not have widespread appeal.

All we need to do is get on prostate support herbs like Saw Palmetto, PYGEUM, etc. and, if really motivated to get healthy, take my Power Drink and Beyond Chelation-Improved and use some Far Infra Red Sauna treatments to help get toxins out. There is no future in that for our big prostate cancer industry; they will continue to lie and pretend that the cancer is just in the prostate area.

The Johnson and Johnson cancer blood test continues to find those prostate cancer cells in the peripheral blood. In one study, in 2/3 of the patients who had been told that their cancer was only in the prostate so removing it would eliminate their cancer for once and always, that was not true. As we know cancer is a systemic disease and needs systemic treatment, as Kobayashi proved in Tokyo.

Cancer screening tests are very useful if we keep the patients out of the hands of the surgeons, oncologists, and radiologists. Abnormal tests go back to healthy ranges and stay there if the patient is on an adequate health promoting program. The PSA test, properly used, rewards patients for taking better care of themselves, but with the tendency of patients to not accept the fact that by age 60 sixty percent of men have prostate cancer that will not kill them, they are suckers for doing something , particularly since insurance pays for it. Doctors do little to warn them about how inconvenient incontinence and impotence are for the rest of their life. They need to know that aggressive treatment is not extending their life, so why not focus on getting healthy and doing the exercise and life style changes that do work every time and do help keep PSA levels in healthy ranges.

Prostate treatments are shown to have problems but most patients will not be told about the lack of proven benefit from aggressive treatment but you need to let them know that this committee found PSA testing is useless, as currently used by mainstream medicine. The interventions they recommend can lead to infections, impotence and incontinence so critics say the risks of testing often outweigh the benefits.

My detox based FIGHT program has no downside and is relevant to all age-related chronic diseases. We can bring most cancer screening tests into safer, healthier ranges using my FIGHT program, which is based on ten years of work by Dr Kobayashi where none of the 10,000 subjects died of cancer. His paper is called World without Cancer and is on my website www.gordonresearch.com.

Garry F. Gordon MD,DO,MD(H)
President, Gordon Research Institute
www.gordonresearch.com

The Wall Street Journal

http://online.wsj.com/article/SB10001424052970204294504576615572596987098.html?mod=djemHL_t

•OCTOBER 7, 2011
Panel Faults Widely Used Prostate-Cancer Test

BY JENNIFER CORBETT DOOREN AND THOMAS M. BURTON

A key federal advisory panel is poised to recommend that healthy men shouldn’t be screened with a widely used blood test for prostate cancer, indicating that the test offers more harm than benefit.

Lead Poisoning

Linda’s comment:  It is a must that those who want children need to start one year ahead of getting pregnant to protect the fetus.    The un-born fetus is the “toxic dump” of the mother.  Both the mom and dad need to focus on detoxing their bodies at least one year before getting pregnant, THEN once the mom is pregnant, SHE MUST MONITOR what she eats and drinks…..Everyday, we walk out our front door, we are slammed with 500 to 600 environment toxins, so there are daily things we can do to keep a constant detox  going on in our bodies…Do your own research and you too will find how important it is for both prospective parents to clean up their lives prior to beginning their families…

Dr. Gordon’s Comments:

Lead poisoning again is on the front page of The New York Times yet no one understands this fact – there is no safe level in children. So why would anyone allow any woman to go through pregnancy without at least some of my detox program – power drink or oral chelation like Beyond Chelation-Improved or Zeolite? Why not all three, as no one approach can deal with all the toxins we find in every newborn today and it all comes FROM THE MOM.

Please understand we all have too much lead and during pregnancy the body transfers the mothers lead and other toxins to the baby and also concentrates it six fold. How can we continue to ignore this epidemic when we have safe affordable answers? Maybe you can get at least 8 gm. of BIOEN’RGY C into a pregnant women daily, as that too is an oral chelator. But let’s do something about the TEN AMERICANS report by www.ewg.com that proves every child born is loaded with carcinogens neurotoxins and endocrine disruptors.

The parents to be save $3000 or so by not going on appropriate nutritional products for detox during the entire pregnancy, but best results will be when starting 1 year before the pregnancy and treat the dad too! Or pay $250,000- 500,000 in extraordinary health care costs to deal with what could have been prevented with a little rational family planning.

“No blood lead level has been found to be safe for a child,” Dr. Mary Jean Brown, chief of the lead poisoning prevention branch of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, said in an interview last week.

Garry F. Gordon MD,DO,MD(H)
President, Gordon Research Institute
www.gordonresearch.com

Link: http://www.nytimes.com/2011/06/15/world/asia/15lead.html

Excerpt:

June 15, 2011
Lead Poisoning in China: The Hidden Scourge
By SHARON LaFRANIERE

MENGXI VILLAGE, China — On a chilly evening early last month, a mob of more than 200 people gathered in this tiny eastern China village at the entrance to the Zhejiang Haijiu Battery Factory, a maker of lead-acid batteries for motorcycles and electric bikes. They shouldered through an outer brick wall, swept into the factory office and, in an outpouring of pure fury, smashed the cabinets, desks and computers inside.

 

Omega 6 Benefits, with comments by Dr. Gordon

Dr. Gordon’s comments:

This is important research documenting the benefits of Omega-6 by looking at Arterial stiffness. This form of documentation of benefits is what we used 35 years ago when I wrote the Chelation protocol still widely used around the world today.

I have always insisted that Beyond Chelation Improved could not have eliminated fatal heart attacks, as well as it has, unless there were important synergies in the over 100 active ingredients found in the nine pill packets taken ideally twice a day.

Please understand you are as old as your arteries and preventing or even just slowing arterial stiffness is real anti-aging medicine! I hope you understand that I also work to keep bones strong, i.e. calcified and arteries soft, i.e. not calcified. That has been my Anti-aging focus for over 35 years so please read up on pathological calcification and K-2 and the rest of what I have written about extensively now for years.

Measuring arterial stiffness is a useful part of anti-aging medicine and keeps patients interested in staying on a comprehensive program to stay younger. There are great affordable devices today that accomplish this. Check out International Anti-aging Systems or IAS for their great affordable instrument that boils this down to VASCULAR AGE. You can make patients arteries many years younger over time predictably with the programs I have written about both oral and or IV but this is a lifetime program!!

Garry F. Gordon MD,DO,MD(H)
President, Gordon Research Institute
www.gordonresearch.com

Link: http://www.nutritionaloutlook.com/0711111

Excerpt:

Australian researchers pooled results of 10 randomized and controlled adult human clinicals investigating the effects of omega-3 supplementation on arterial stiffness. Trials ranged from 6 to 105 weeks in duration, with supplementation of 640 to 3000 mg of combined omega-3 eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) and docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) in the form of daily capsules. A total of 550 participants were included in the meta-analysis, ranging from healthy men to subjects with various cardiovascular conditions, including overweight, diabetes, and hypertension.

 

 

Aspirin – with Dr. Gordon & Linda’s comments

Linda’s comment:  I love the Beyond Chelation-Improved….I also like the Boluoke with the wobenzyme….great for lyme patients…..great for coagulation problems that Lyme patient’s suffer from…

Dr. Gordon’s Comments:

I do not use aspirin for primary prevention for any of my patients. The benefits are too small and the risks are real. It has clearly been oversold and misrepresented. It never has been an anticoagulant, but it does have some limited antiplatelet effects. On the whole it has some benefits but there are also some bleeding risks.

Moreover, since it does not decrease deaths from heart attacks or all-cause mortality, the patients are living with false sense of security and will ignore advice to be on a product that could clearly add years to their life but does not have all the marketing money behind it. Beyond Chelation-Improved is the real protection patients are seeking.

Patients who I clearly can help decrease all cause morbidity and mortality without question using Beyond Chelation Improved and, particularly for serious cases, adding Boluoke BID to the program, are not getting the message, as they believe in the hype surrounding aspirin. I can state unequivocally BC-I and Boluoke together do dramatically lower mortality from heart attacks even in patients with high risk documented left main disease. It also lowers all-cause mortality while also lowering stroke incidences.

The reasons are clear if you consider that BC-I has over 100 active ingredients and over $10 million in research behind it. BC-I has three books written about how it was developed and it took over $10 million back in the sixties to develop this natural approach to ending heart attacks and that was real money back then. There are two published studies where it lowered heart attacks by an average of 91% but that was some time before I added the EDTA to the formula. I believe that the benefits are even greater now.

So let’s take the time to learn the truth about the limitations of aspirin. For as long as your patients believe that their aspirin has made them less subject to death, they will have little real interest in learning about a product that really works, but takes real money to purchase every day of their life.

Attached is the conclusion of this large meta analysis report linked here: “There was no evidence of a statistical bias (p >0.05). In conclusion, aspirin decreased the risk for CV events and nonfatal MI in this large sample. Thus, primary prevention with aspirin decreased the risk for total CV events and nonfatal MI, but there were no significant differences in the incidences of stroke, CV mortality, all-cause mortality and total coronary heart disease.”

Garry F. Gordon MD,DO,MD(H)
President, Gordon Research Institute
www.gordonresearch.com

Link: http://www.ajconline.org/article/S0002-9149(11)01013-7/fulltext

Excerpt:

Systematic analysis of the outcomes from the 9 trials confirmed that aspirin decreases the incidence of nonfatal MI and CV events. However, aspirin had no statistically significant effect on CHD, stroke, CV mortality, and all-cause mortality, but was highly significant for overall CV events.

 

 

Lead Poisoning – With Comments from Linda & Dr. Gordon

Linda’s comments:  ListenUP and read this information….it is vital for all to understand how TOXIC OUR WORLD IS…..Everyone is exposed to lead today, however, we can fix it for the most part… 
Share this with your children and grandchildren….
Dr. Gordon’s comments:
Lead poisoning again is on the front page of the New York Times yet no one understands this fact: there is no safe level in children. Why would anyone allow any woman to go through pregnancy without at least some of my detox program, power drink, oral chelation like Beyond Chelation-Improved or Zeolite? Why not all three, as no one approach can deal with all the toxins we find in every newborn today and it all comes FROM THE MOM.

Please understand we all have too much lead and during pregnancy the body transfers the mother’s lead and other toxins to the baby and also concentrates it SIX fold.

How can we continue to ignore this epidemic when we have safe affordable answers? Maybe you can at least get 8 gm of BIOEN’R-G’Y C into pregnant women daily, as that too is an oral chelator. But let’s do something about the TEN AMERICANS report bywww.ewg.org that proves every child born is loaded with carcinogens, neurotoxins and endocrine disruptors.

The parents save $3000 or so by not going on appropriate nutritional products for detox during the entire pregnancy, but best results will be when starting 1 year before the pregnancy and treat the dad too! Or they pay $250,000- 500,000 in extraordinary health care costs to deal with what could have been prevented with a little rational family planning.

“No blood lead level has been found to be safe for a child,” Dr. Mary Jean Brown, chief of the lead poisoning prevention branch of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, said in an interview last week. No blood lead level has been found to be safe for a child,” Dr. Mary Jean Brown, chief of the lead poisoning prevention branch of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, said in an interview last week”

Garry F. Gordon MD,DO,MD(H)
President, Gordon Research Institute
www.gordonresearch.com

Excerpt:
MENGXI VILLAGE, China — On a chilly evening early last month, a mob of more than 200 people gathered in this tiny eastern China village at the entrance to the Zhejiang Haijiu Battery Factory, a maker of lead-acid batteries for motorcycles and electric bikes. They shouldered through an outer brick wall, swept into the factory office and, in an outpouring of pure fury, smashed the cabinets, desks and computers inside.

Maternal Nutrition & Other Issues Tied to Autism

Linda’s comment:  For years Dr Gordon has said that if you are going to plan a pregnancy, then it is a MUST to go on a good detox protocol.  The unborn fetus is considered the toxic dump for the mom.  When a mom eats the wrong foods, or eats foods with pesticides/herbicides, etc., etc. etc., it all goes to the unborn fetus.

Dr. Gordon’s Comments:

Maternal nutrition ties to autism?  My plan for healthy babies takes on a new sense of urgency with this latest research!! Please read if you have anyone that might go through a pregnancy this year; they need to know this.

This new study about children born less than 1 year after the last child having three times the incidence of autism suggests to me that maternal nutrition is compromised after one child. The second pregnancy following too closely does not give the needed time to
replete nutrients lost during the last pregnancy.

I point out that all planned pregnancies ideally need to be preceded by ideally a year of detoxification. But, now we can see that also we need to build expectant mothers up nutritionally with far higher levels of nutrients found in today’s totally outmoded prenatal supplement formulas.

Just more vitamin D alone would reduce this tragic incidence of autism. My preferred prenatal is Beyond Chelation Improved, as that way we also get the essential fatty acids and the total spectrum of useful minerals while gently chelating out toxins with things like garlic and dl methione and oral EDTA, which alone has 507 references about its efficacy in lowering lead levels even in occupationally exposed workers on mywww.gordonresearch.com website.

Ideally I always also recommend my “power drink” using organic greens and Beyond Fiber and Maca and BioEn’R-G’y C, one slightly heaping tsp of each in 10+ ounces of good mineralized water like Pellegrino. And, for those willing, add Quinton Marine Plasma to that program. Then you can expect to have the healthiest possible baby known as Quinton babies, as putting in ultra trace minerals found only in this sea water based nutrient mineral drink has been shown to save lives of very sick babies so let them get it from their mother while in-utero too.

Garry F. Gordon MD,DO,MD(H)
President, Gordon Research Institute
www.gordonresearch.com

Link: http://online.wsj.com/article/SB10001424052748703667904576072832311108462.html?mod=djemHL_t

Excerpt:

HEALTH INDUSTRY 
•JANUARY 10, 2011, 12:02 A.M. ET 
Closely Spaced Pregnancies Linked to Autism Risk 

By JENNIFER CORBETT DOOREN 
WASHINGTON — Closely spaced pregnancies were associated with an increase in the odds of a second child being diagnosed with autism, according to a study involving California children.

The study, which the journal Pediatrics published online Monday, showed the sooner conceptions followed the prior birth of a sibling, the greater the likelihood of the second child having an autism diagnosis. 

The study looked at more than 660,000 second-born children in California between 1992 to 2002. The study measured the time the second child was conceived relative to the first child, and then looked at autism diagnosis of the second sibling. 

The study found that second children who were conceived less than 12 months after the first child’s birth were three times more likely to be diagnosed with autism than children spaced further apart. Second children conceived less than two years after the first had almost twice the odds of receiving an autism diagnosis.

ENERGY MEDICINE WORKSHOPS – March 3, 6 & 7

Dear Colleagues,
 
Next week is the AHIMA, “How to Incorporate Homeopathic and Integrative Medicine into your Practice” conference, as well as Gordon Research Institute’s “Energy Medicine Workshops”. 

It is  no too late to come to Phoenix for these two conferences !  You will come away understanding that when you combine my F.I.G.H.T.  Program with the missing link, healing with Physics, using the modalities you can personally experience at my conference, you will experience amazing healing results!

 

Watch my webinars on www.gordonresearch.com/presentations on PEMF AND TESLA and Magnetic Healing to learn how Earth changes are causing  the rapid  decline  of the Earth’s  magnetic field.  Understand that becuase of this  the addition of these modalities are essential for meaningful healing today.

 

Sincerely,

G.F. Gordon MD DO MD(H.)

 

____

 

 

To anyone interested in Infinite Wellness;

I have found unique synergy combining the biochemistry, like my FIGHT program with the PHYSICS we can no longer ignore. This approach is changing the lives of very ill patients, often almost overnight.

I personally feel younger each day. I am certain that any one of these; PEMF, TESLA based electro muscle stimulation, and correctly designed magnetic pads to sleep on, will improve your life dramatically

You are invited to attend one or more of my 3 workshops being held in Phoenix March 3-7 in conjunction with the great conference offered 3/4/11 by AHIMA. Flyers and registration information are attached. NOTE: Admission is free on 3/6/11 from Noon until 7 PM and only $50 on other dates if you also register for AHIMA conference, $100 if you do not.

Here you will learn that Physics is more important than Biochemistry in determining how you FEEL and how you HEAL! Without a magnetic field there is no life and the experts believe that the earth’s electromagnetic field hasdropped from nearly 30 Gauss at the time of dinosaurs to 0.3 Gauss now. (more)

Register for AHIMA Conference Here

Register for the Energy Workshops Here

Epigenetics and Dr. Gordon’s commentary on Time Magazine Article

The cover of last week’s Time magazine is a pregnant woman and the cover story is about newly recognized facts about Epigenetics that reveals the lifelong influence on health of everyone from the 9 month intrauterine environment.

They report that the influence on heart disease, obesity, mental illness, IQ, etc is far greater than has ever been appreciated before. Now if you then go to Google and type in the words Ten Americans you will see a video paid for by concerned citizens atwww.ewg.org that measured and levels of neurotoxins, carcinogens and endocrine disruptors in ten babies selected at random for across the USA. There were none that were clean.  Everyone averages 6 times the levels of these toxins that are present in the parents. This should make you really want to study what is optimal nutritional support for your pregnant patients and that to my thinking today that must include Beyond Chelation-Improved and Beyond B12, as you really want all three forms of folic acid if you want really healthy babies, as well as the DHA/EPA found in BC-I. We all need continual detoxification today to deal with the lead and mercury found in everything tested today.

But this new article strongly suggests you learn why I love Beyond Fiber. First of all no one should ever be on any serious detox program without this fiber to trap all toxins that the liver dumps into the intestine and prevent enterohepatic uptake of the very toxins you are hoping to clear out. But in addition the main source of this unique fiber product, which also has artichoke and EDTA, is STABILIZED RICE BRAN, which is one of the most nutrient dense foods on the planet. It includes liberal amounts of B vitamins including Inositol, which we find in this report offers addition potential benefits to the rapidly growing fetus. 

Garry F. Gordon MD,DO,MD(H)
President, Gordon Research Institute
www.gordonresearch.com

Full article: http://www.time.com/time/health/article/0,8599,2020815,00.html

Excerpt:

Time Magazine: “Fetal Origins: How the First Nine Months Shape the Rest of Your Life”, By Annie Murphy Paul Wednesday, Sep. 22, 2010 

http://www.time.com/time/health/article/0,8599,2020815,00.html

Of course, no woman who is pregnant today can escape hearing the message that what she does affects her fetus. She hears it at doctor’s appointments, sees it in the pregnancy guidebooks: Do eat this, don’t drink that, be vigilant but never stressed. Expectant mothers could be forgiven for feeling that pregnancy is just a nine-month slog, full of guilt and devoid of pleasure, and this research threatened to add to the burden. 

But the scientists I met weren’t full of dire warnings but of the excitement of discovery — and the hope that their discoveries would make a positive difference. Research on fetal origins is prompting a revolutionary shift in thinking about where human qualities come from and when they begin to develop. It’s turning pregnancy into a scientific frontier: the National Institutes of Health embarked last year on a multidecade study that will examine its subjects before they’re born. And it makes the womb a promising target for prevention, raising hopes of conquering public-health scourges like obesity and heart disease through interventions before birth. 

Folic acid/inositol combo may be better at preventing birth defects
By Richard Clarke
September 27, 2010

http://www.functionalingredientsmag.com/article/Europe/folic-acid-and-inositol-prevent-birth-defects.aspx

Folic acid supplements alone may not be the optimum way to prevent neural tube defects in babies, according to doctors in the U.K.

Toxicity and pregnancy, with Dr. Gordon’s comments

Our toxicity concerns during pregnancy will start to be of interest to many and there is no affordable answer that beats things like Total Body Detox, Beyond Fiber, BioEnrG-Y C, Organic Green powder and Beyond Chelation-Improved.

Garry F. Gordon MD,DO,MD(H)
President, Gordon Research Institute
www.gordonresearch.com

Excerpt:

NY Times

At Risk From the Womb
By NICHOLAS D. KRISTOF
Published: October 2, 2010

Some people think we’re shaped primarily by genes. Others believe that the environment we grow up in is most important. But now evidence is mounting that a third factor is also critical: our uterine environment before we’re even born. 

Researchers are finding indications that obesity, diabetes and mental illness among adults are all related in part to what happened in the womb decades earlier. 

One of the first careful studies in this field found that birth weight (a proxy for nutrition in the womb) helped predict whether an adult would suffer from heart disease half a century later. Scrawny babies were much more likely to suffer heart problems in middle age. 

That study, published in 1989, provoked skepticism at first. But now an array of research confirms that the fetal period is a crucial stage of development that affects physiology decades later. 

Perhaps the most striking finding is that a stressful uterine environment may be a mechanism that allows poverty to replicate itself generation after generation. Pregnant women in low-income areas tend to be more exposed to anxiety, depression, chemicals and toxins from car exhaust to pesticides, and they’re more likely to drink or smoke and less likely to take vitamin supplements, eat healthy food and get meticulous pre-natal care. 

The result is children who start life at a disadvantage — for kids facing stresses before birth appear to have lower educational attainment, lower incomes and worse health throughout their lives. If that’s true, then even early childhood education may be a bit late as a way to break the cycles of poverty. 

Cerebral Microvascular Occlusion

Cerebral Microvascular Occlusion is very common and yet is very frequently overlooked when dealing with dementia and stroke recovery.

This new research reminds us that we should often consider “small strokes” when we are dealing with age-related cognitive decline. I suggest adding either Endokinase or Boluoke for at least a month or so to Beyond Chelation-Improved etc. along with using all of the powerful brain enhancing nutrients available today. Brain TISSUE PERFUSION is vital and is frequently compromised, and small strokes are very commonly not diagnosed. 

Garry F. Gordon MD,DO,MD(H)
President, Gordon Research Institute
www.gordonresearch.com

Full article: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/sites/entrez/20505729?dopt=Abstract&holding=f1000,f1000m,isrctn

Excerpt:

“Alterations in the efficiency of the protective mechanism that we have identified may have important implications in microvascular pathology, stroke recovery and age-related cognitive decline”

Cerebral microvascular occlusion is a common phenomenon throughout life that might require greater recognition as a mechanism of brain pathology. Failure to recanalize microvessels promptly may lead to the disruption of brain circuits and significant functional deficits. Haemodynamic forces and the fibrinolytic system are considered to be the principal mechanisms responsible for recanalization of occluded cerebral capillaries and terminal arterioles. Here we identify a previously unrecognized cellular mechanism that may also be critical for this recanalization. By using high-resolution fixed-tissue microscopy and two-photon imaging in living mice we observed that a large fraction of microemboli infused through the internal carotid artery failed to be lysed or washed out within 48 h. Instead, emboli were found to translocate outside the vessel lumen within 2-7 days, leading to complete re-establishment of blood flow and sparing of the vessel. Recanalization occurred by a previously unknown mechanism of microvascular plasticity involving the rapid envelopment of emboli by endothelial membrane projections that subsequently form a new vessel wall. This was followed by the formation of an endothelial opening through which emboli translocated into the perivascular parenchyma. The rate of embolus extravasation was significantly decreased by pharmacological inhibition of matrix metalloproteinase 2/9 activity. In aged mice, extravasation was markedly delayed, resulting in persistent tissue hypoxia, synaptic damage and cell death. Alterations in the efficiency of the protective mechanism that we have identified may have important implications in microvascular pathology, stroke recovery and age-related cognitive decline.